A Guide to Healthier Eating 

Eating less junk food and adding more nutritious food to your diet are simple changes that can make a significant improvement in your nutrition and health.

One way to do this is by cutting back on foods that have only limited nutritional value, that are over-processed, or that contain too much fat, salt, sugar, and refined white flour.

Try eating more of these kinds of foods: 

Close to their natural state: Just-picked fresh fruits and vegetables are the most nutritious, but fresh or frozen fruits and vegetables are a good alternative because they are almost immediately frozen after picking. The canning of vegetable requires heat, which destroys many vitamins.

Less processed: According to the USDA, whole grains are high in fiber, vitamins and complex carbohydrates. On the other hand, white flour is basically just carbohydrates.

Plain rather than flavored: Plain milk, yogurt, and cottage cheese (ideally low or nonfat versions) generally have a better ratio of nutrients than their flavored alternatives. When flavoring is added, sugar is often added which increases calories.

Healthier: To keep your heart and vascular system healthy try to avoid saturated fats. As a rule, saturated fat is solid at room temperature. So, use olive oil instead of vegetable oil; vegetable oil instead of shortening; and low trans-fat vegetable margarine over butter.

Better meat choices: Different types of meats contain different amounts of saturated fats. Lamb, beef, and pork are very high in saturated fat. Chicken, turkey, and other fowl have less saturated fat. Fish have the least saturated fat. Making these changes won’t require driving miles out of your way. Nutritious, healthy food is plentiful in any grocery store and at most restaurants, if you know what to search out.